Analyse past drought events and establish drought risks on a global scale
Perform a detailed analysis of drought events and drought risks for selected regions
Analyse the impact of droughts on selected regions and on trade flows in food products
Develop and test an integrated drought information system
In times of drought, water resources are insufficient. These water shortages often have negative effects on agricultural productivity and on associated socioeconomic factors. They can cause reduced income, food shortages and even famines. Operational early warning systems for droughts try to address the problem. However, they are mostly only capable of characterising the status quo, or offer limited forecasts for droughts in the near future – e.g., the next three to six months. These early warning systems generally do not sufficiently integrate variables and drought indicators. In particular, they do not adequately describe causal links in the formation and development of droughts, connections between the various types of droughts (meteorological, hydrological and agricultural), and socioeconomic factors. The project intends to fill this gap by developing an integrated drought information system, With its planned experimental early warning system, the project aims to reduce the time between satellite-based data collection, identification of a drought risk and the implementation of countermeasures by political decision-makers and those involved in international humanitarian aid.